A vaccine that your baby must not miss
It is most worry-free to take the vaccine in the baby’s injection plan. Anyway, it is required to fight. If not, the kindergarten will not be able to get it, so there is no need to consider the question of whether to fight.
Besides, these vaccines are all safe and there is generally no problem.
In addition, don’t worry about missing the time, the hospital will inform you in time.
Therefore, you just need to pay attention to your baby’s health, and don’t have any reaction after the fight.
However, there are some issues that you better learn about.
Currently planned immunization vaccines include BCG vaccine, polio vaccine, diabetic triple vaccine, measles vaccine and hepatitis B vaccine.
These vaccines are free.
1. BCG-The first BCG implanted at birth can enhance the baby’s resistance to tuberculosis and prevent the occurrence of severe tuberculosis and tuberculous meningitis.
Currently, live attenuated vaccines are generally used, which are safe and effective.
After the baby is born, the BCG should be transplanted in time.
Contraindications: Transplantation in neonates with high fever, severe acute symptoms, immune insufficiency, severe congenital disease at birth, low weight, severe eczema, and suspected tuberculosis
Note: After transplantation, there are red nodules at the transplant site, accompanied by pain and itching, and the nodules will become pustules or ulcers.
This kind of phenomenon is a normal response of the vaccine and usually heals on its own in 2-3 months.
If your baby is not implanted at birth, you can replant at the BCG clinic of the local tuberculosis clinic or the planned immunization clinic of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention within 2 months.
2. Polio vaccine-edible vaccine Polio vaccine, referred to as polio sugar pill, is a live attenuated vaccine, which is a white granular sugar pill.
Taking sugar pills as planned after birth can effectively prevent polio (that is, polio).
Note: (1) When taking sugar pills, infants can take cold boiled water to dissolve them and take them.
This vaccine is a live virus product. If it is dissolved in hot water, the live vaccine will lose its activity due to high temperature. It will have no effect when eaten, and it will not produce antibodies in the baby’s body.
(2) Do not eat hot food (including breast milk) within 30 minutes.
(3) If the dose of the vaccine is insufficient due to vomiting or vomiting after taking it, it can be replenished.
3. Pertussis Vaccine-The triple injection of Pertussis Vaccine is a mixture of pertussis vaccine, diphtheria toxoid and tetanus toxoid, which can prevent pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus at the same time.
The reproduction target is a baby over 3 months.
The diazepam vaccine must be given three consecutive shots, that is, the first shot is given at 3 months, and then every other month.
Three consecutive injections will produce sufficient antibodies.
These antibodies can only be maintained for a certain period of time and cannot be immune for life, so a booster shot is required after a period of time.
Due to the side effects of older children or adults on pertussis vaccines, the booster vaccine from 7 years old no longer contains pertussis bacteria, and instead use the white split dual preparation.
Note: After the vaccination of diabetic vaccination may cause side effects such as local induration and fever, the general reaction 2?
Disappeared 3 times.
If the temperature is 38 after implantation.
Above 5 ℃, you can go to the hospital for symptomatic treatment; local redness, swelling, induration, penetration, and duration complications should go to the hospital for symptomatic treatment and regular observation.
Once severe side effects such as high fever and local induration, do not inject diphtheria vaccine.
4. Measles vaccine Measles vaccine is a live attenuated vaccine with small vaccination response, fast antibody production, and good immunity persistence.
Babies generally do not get measles within 6 months because they have antibodies from their mothers.
Therefore, the first transplant should be done after the baby is 8 months old and replanted at 4 years old.
5. Hepatitis B vaccine The previous incidence of hepatitis B was very high. Chronic active hepatitis B still causes liver cancer and the consequences of cirrhosis. It is very necessary for your baby to get the hepatitis B vaccine.
Hepatitis B vaccine is currently included in planned immunization in November 2002.
The first dose of hepatitis B vaccine should be given in time within 24 hours of birth.
Vaccines divided into planned immunization management. Planned immunization management vaccines are separated. All management procedures are no different from those in planned immunizations, except that these vaccines are not free.
However, in some provinces and cities, such as Shanghai, they are also isolated from each other for planned immunization, so there is no charge.
1. JE vaccine is used to prevent epidemic Japanese encephalitis (referred to as JE).
Reproductive objects are babies over 1 year old.
Because Japanese encephalitis has been more widespread in the past, it has been replaced by all vaccine replacement programs for all healthy babies.
Vaccination should be concentrated before the JE epidemic season. For example, the JE vaccine in Shanghai is scheduled to be implanted from April to May.
2. The meningococcal vaccine currently used in China is a group A meningococcal capsular capsular polysaccharide vaccine for the prevention of epidemic meningitis caused by group A meningococci. The transplantation target is babies over 3 years old.
Meningococcal vaccines are usually arranged for concentrated injections before the epidemic season, such as in Shanghai from November to December.
You don’t need to worry about getting these two vaccines, the hospital will inform you.
It’s just that some areas are free and some areas are charged.
Extra-planned vaccines A vaccine needs to pass a very stringent inspection procedure before it can be promoted until it is proven safe and effective.
For various reasons, some vaccines have not been replaced by planned immunization for the time being, but from the perspective of disease prevention, vaccination is the safest, most cost-effective method.
1. The leprosy gill triple vaccine (MMR) replaces imported vaccines, which can prevent measles, rubella and mumps acute respiratory infections at the same time after vaccination.
This vaccine has been used at home and abroad for many years and has been accepted by parents.
Usually the first needle can be implanted when the baby is 1 year old.
2. Chickenpox vaccine Chickenpox is an infectious disease characterized by skin rash caused by chickenpox-zoster virus infection.
Varicella virus is highly contagious, especially in children.
The main route of transmission is air droplets, direct contact and vertical transmission from mother to child.
Chickenpox is often prevalent in kindergartens and elementary schools.
For babies infected with chickenpox, only isolation measures can be taken, so the best way to prevent chickenpox is to get vaccinated.
You can get chickenpox vaccine when your baby is 2 years old.
The United States and other countries have routinely implanted chickenpox vaccine.